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Work Injury and Illness Compensation
Despite work related accidents and illnesses being relatively common, Australian workers often try to ‘tough it out’ or ‘suck it up’ when dealing with these types of problems. Many of us feel embarrassed, weak or guilty talking about these issues or claiming compensation. This is a real problem because workers’ compensation can be claimed in regards to most work-related injuries or illnesses. If you cannot cope with pain, stress or discomfort any longer and need assistance, please call Separovic Injury Lawyers for free – expert – no obligation legal advice regarding the pro’s and con’s in making a workers’ compensation claim.
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Frequently Asked Questions
I have Suffered an Injury / Illness at Work. Can I Claim Compensation?
- work full-time, part-time or casually;
- work seasonally or on commission;
- work for a wage or a salary;
- work as a contractor, sub-contractor or working director;
- work under a contract of service or apprenticeship;
- are an overseas worker;
- are over the age of 65;
- are employed in Western Australia but your work related incident occurred interstate or overseas; or
- if you resigned from, were terminated or made redundant by the enterprise where you suffered your injury or illness.
What Exactly is a 'Work Related' Illness or Injury?
- Injuries that occurred while working;
- Injuries that occurred while travelling for work;
- Injuries that occurred while receiving medical treatment or undertaking a return to work program for a separate work injury;
- Diseases that were materially caused by work; and
- Diseases or pre-existing medical conditions that were aggravated to a significant degree or made worse by work.
Can I Claim for Stress, Anxiety, Depression or Other Mental Illnesses?
Safe Work Australia provides the following useful list of incidents that could cause work related stress or mental illness:
- Work pressure—mental stress arising from work responsibilities and workloads, deadlines, organisational restructure, workplace conflicts and workplace performance or promotion issues;
- Work-related harassment &/or workplace bullying—repetitive assault and/or threatened assault by a work colleague or colleagues; and repetitive verbal harassment, threats, and abuse from a work colleague or colleagues;
- Exposure to workplace or occupational violence—includes being the victim of assault by a person or persons who may or may not be work colleagues; and being a victim of or witnessing bank robberies, hold-ups and other violent events;
- Exposure to traumatic event—disorders arising from witnessing a fatal or other incident;
- Suicide or attempted suicide—includes all suicides regardless of circumstances of death and all attempted suicides;
- Other mental stress factors—includes dietary or deficiency diseases (Bulimia, Anorexia); and
- Other harassment—being the victim of sexual or racial harassment by a person or persons including work colleague/s.
To make a stress claim it needs to be confirmed that you are suffering from symptoms that are classified by workers’ compensation legislation as an ‘illness’ or ‘injury’. In simple terms, if you have attended a counsellor, GP, psychologist or psychiatrist in regards to work related stress or mental health issues, you may be able to make a claim.
What if I Was at Fault or Negligent and my Employer Wasn't?
What Entitlements Can a Workers' Compensation Claim Provide?
Pursuant to the “Second Schedule” of the Act you will be eligible to receive a lump sum payment for your injury depending upon the final permanent impairment medical assessment and subject, if there is a dispute, to legal negotiation between the parties or court determination.
If you are not able to work due to your injury or illness, when your workers’ compensation claim is accepted by the insurer, your employer is obligated to pay weekly compensation payments as per your usual wage payment arrangements. Your employer can be penalised if they do not make your compensation payments in accordance with your usual wage payment process.
Unless you are under an award, wages will usually be reduced to 85% from the 14th week post injury. The maximum weekly compensation payment is capped at $2,647.30 gross.
The maximum amount of compensation or weekly payments you can receive for loss of earnings is referred to as the ‘prescribed amount’. In special circumstances, if you are unable to return to work, these payments can be extended.
If your workers’ compensation claim is accepted by the insurer you will be able to claim compensation for reasonable medical and rehabilitation expenses as well as other costs for travel and lodging.
The medical and rehabilitation expenses that can be claimed include:
- first aid, paramedic and ambulance costs;
- medication and prescriptions;
- medical or surgical treatment;
- nursing services;
- X-rays, CT and CAT scans, MRI’s and Ultrasounds;
- medical aids and equipment;
- treatment by medical or rehabilitation specialists;
- dental treatment;
- physiotherapy services;
- chiropractic services; and
- other medical treatments, including occupational therapy, speech pathology, exercise physiology, osteopathy and clinical psychology.
While, you are able to attend medical and rehabilitation providers of your choice, it is important to note that, medical and rehabilitation expenses are capped under the prescribed amount system.
The travel and lodging expenses that can be claimed include:
- travel expenses incurred whenever you are required by a medical practitioner, your employer or their insurer to attend a medical or rehabilitation appointment; and
- reasonable accommodation and meal expenses for workers required to travel long distances in order to seek treatment or rehabilitation.
What Is a Common Law Claim?
- you must have a whole person impairment of at least 15 %; and
- it must be proved that your injury was caused by your employers negligence in failing to maintain a safe workplace/system of work.
A common law claim is made outside of the statutory workers’ compensation system and the ability to make a claim is determined by a specific timeframe known as the ‘termination date’. The rules regarding termination dates and common law claims have been developed over hundreds of years by Australian judges and courts. Common law claims require that an additional burden of proof is satisfied and that the employer is found negligent and that this negligence caused the workplace accident or illness to occur. Common law claims can involve greater levels of legal complexity and Separovic Injury Lawyers has the expertise and experience required to support you through this process, to settle your claim and secure you every dollar of compensation you deserve.
How Can I Make a Workers' Compensation Claim?
- Seeking medical attention and notifying your employer that you have suffered a work related injury or illness;
- Visiting a medical practitioner of your choosing to obtain a first certificate of capacity;
- Completing the Workers’ Compensation Claim Form (please get in touch if you need assistance completing this form);
- Copying your completed forms and giving your employer the originals;
- Your employer then has 5 days to lodge your workers’ compensation claim application with their insurer; and
- The insurer has 14 days to process your claim and confirm whether it has been accepted, disputed or pended.
Personal injury law claims in WA are predominately settled by negotiation. This is an adversarial system where the insurer is under no obligation to provide you with a particular or equitable level of compensation. Most insurers will appoint legal representatives to negotiate on their behalf and given that this is a specialist and highly technical area of the law you place yourself at a significant disadvantage if you do not have legal representation. If you need assistance or support with any of these steps please get in touch with Separovic Injury Lawyers.
How Much Workers' Compensation Can I Claim?
Sometimes the insurer may provide you with an offer to settle your claim for a lump sum payment. You are under no obligation to accept such offers and Separovic Injury Lawyers strongly recommends that you seek legal advice before considering any such offer.
Can I Also Claim Compensation from Third Parties That Were Involved in My Injury?
If a legal entity (i.e. sole trader, partnership or company) other than your employer was partly or fully responsible for your work related injury or illness you are legally entitled to bring a common law negligence claim against the third party seeking damages for your financial losses and injuries.
How Long Will a Work Accident Compensation Claim Take to Settle?
- How serious your injuries are;
- What treatment you require;
- What rehabilitation you require;
- How long it takes for your injuries to stabilise;
- Whether you are able to make a common law claim;
- Whether you are able to make a claim against any third parties; and
- How long it takes to negotiate a settlement with the defendant and their legal representatives.
Many claims handled by Separovic Injury Lawyer are settled within 2 years from the date of accident.
Why Appoint a Personal Injury Lawyer to Manage My Claim?
Separovic Injury Lawyers have worked hard to establish our reputation as tough and tenacious negotiators. Please contact us if you would like to ensure that you maximise all of the compensation you deserve to receive.
What If I Had Pre-Existing Medical Conditions?
Who Pays for My Workers' Compensation?
Can I Make a Claim for a Superannuation Total and Permanent Disability Lump Sum Payment?
Do I Have to Make a Workers' Compensation Claim Within a Particular Time Frame?
Preferably within 12 months from the Date of Accident
There are a number of critical dates that must be complied with in order to successfully make either a workers’ compensation or common law claim.
If a workers’ compensation claim is lodged with the employer more than 1 year from the date of accident the defendant can argue that they suffered material prejudice and request that the claim be set aside. Here, the defendant argues that as a result of the plaintiff’s delay in providing notice of their intention to make a claim the defendant was denied the opportunity to investigate why the accident occurred and to ensure that it does not occur again.
Termination Date Time Limits
In common law claims the worker must take steps to activate the claim and obtain a whole person impairment assessment before the expiration of the “12 month termination date”. In many claims the 12 month termination date expires shortly after the first 12 month anniversary date of the accident and can be extended for a further 12 months. This is a “tricky” area of the law and Separovic Injury Lawyers strongly recommends all workers to seek legal advice well before the expiration of the termination date. Failure to do so may very well result in the worker being statute barred from accessing common law damages. Put simply in a claim involving a serious injury it could mean the difference between a $100,000 versus a $1,000,000 final settlement payment.
Three Year Statute of Limitation Period
For common law claims involving third parties a 3 year statute of limitation period applies from the date of accident.
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